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Aξռṹݻо

ժҪAξΪоѡ2007ꡢ20122017ݶռṹݻзAֲ2007״̬2012𽥾ٵ2017ֲ״̬ŸAξӣAξռֲھԣֳ͵ĺġԵɢ113A4AѸӡϿԴͻɫ5A»Ľ顣
ؼʣ Aξռṹݻ

λһڲֳеĿռṹοռṹо͸ηչ״ξռݻ̶οռֱ仯Զ壬оξռṹݻܴٽοռṹĺ֡ԴЧáҵĿɳչ򾭼÷չ
ѧ߶οռṹо缯ڶξ۵Ŀռ估ռݱϡMiossec(1976)ξռṹֲо Pearce1995οռϵͳ㼶ṩ˶ξռṹķѧ߶ξռṹоʼ2001꣬2001ξɵIJΡռṹĻۺȻϵƶȣξķչƽԤ⣻ѧ٣2015÷ηԺʡξռṹͬݵݻз٣2010ҪԲͬʱռڵԹҼ羰ʤԴṹԴṹģзʾԴķֲ֣(2011)ϾԴзνпռṹо2014ͨԴξοռṹڲͨɫξһ廯չĿռṹͨ2015ԺӱʡAΪо󣬶ռݻз̽ݻ,Żԡ
ѧ߶ξռṹо𲽽磬Խǿоעʵ֤ijЩѾڽΪо׶ΣξռṹݻоȴԱȽ١ѧ߶ξռṹоо϶עȵҪγ,ڷγеҵռṹŻ漰
һоſ
Ҳܣ壩ȣָɽز嶫УС«ҽɽ֮ɽ溣ϵشָȣĽС«С̽У˴ͨijСڣʱؼУϵδƾԽĵλãԴεõϿ췢չӡ20072017ҵչΪѸٵʮ꣬˱ѡ2007ꡢ2012ꡢ2017ΪʱڵAξռṹݻе塣
Դо
һԴ
о2007ꡢ2012ꡢ2017AصĻݣԴί1AξռֲͼеͼΪͼƣͼ1ͨͼֻʰȡϵͳһɼʵʾͨArcgis10.2õ

о

ڽܹ׼ȷ͹۵ȷ״Ҫظֵԡڽָܹжϸڵ״Ҫھɢȡֲ״̬﹫ʽΪ

ʽУTΪڽָteʾ״Ҫֲʱڽ룻nΪti(Si)Ϊڽ̾룬tiΪڽƽֵBΪоT=1ʱʾ״ҪΪͣT1ʱ״ҪسʾȷֲT1ʱ״Ҫ۷ֲ
2жָ
жָ㷺Ӧξռṹ˵ijһھ㣩ľ̶ȡʽΪ:

ʽУGʾĵжָyiΪiľZΪnΪУGȡֵ0-100֮䣬GֵԽķֲԽУGֵԽСֲԽɢ

ϵڿ̻ռҪصķֲоֲͬĶԱȣҳֲ仯ɡûϵ״оAξڸؼеĵֲɡʽΪ

ʽУGiniΪϵֵDΪֲȶȣNǵؼеQiʾiеξռȫʡıϣϵ01֮䣬ֵԽ󣬱г̶ԽߣԽ
4׼Բ
׼ԲDzһƵһֳ÷׼ԲܹϺõչAξͬݾֲĵǨƳ̶ȣԲλõı䶯ֱ۵طӳξĵĿռ䶯
5ܶȷ
ܶȷһΧͳƵ㣨ߣĸ, ԿӻʽʾԴռֲɵЧֶΡܶȷʽΪ

ʽ:kΪ˺hǴ(ֵ÷ͼСȻ߳ȳ30ó)x-x1ǹƵ㵽x1ľ롣
ξռṹݻ
ѡȡ2007ꡢ2012ꡢ2017ʱڵAξռֲݣõѧģͲArcgisl0.2οռֲͼ̽11Aξռݻ
һAξֲ
Aξռֲͼϣùʽ1Arcgis10.2Aξڽƽֵtiڽte ó2007ꡢ2012ꡢ2017ʱڵڽָʾ2007S=5.36km2Aξ9ңn=9õte= 54.07km t_i=38.60T2007=0.71ռֲͳ۷ֲ״̬ͬɵó2012ꡢ2017T2012=1.091T2017=0.971ռֲͷֱʾȷֲӽֲ״̬2
ȻAֲ2007״̬2012𽥾ٵ2017ֲ״̬

AξԷ
ڱAľԷõжָͻϵ
ùʽ2ʽ3õ5ؼУn=5ͬAξĵжָͻϵ3

ͨ3֪2007ꡢ2012ꡢ2017AξռֲĵжֱָΪG2007=53.29,G2012=50.55,G2017=47.71ԿݵӣGֵԽԽСAг̶𽥷ɢֲݵĻϵӣAξռֲĻϵGini𽥼СȶD˵2007굽2017Aξռֲ۳̶𽥼Сȳ̶
Ϊһ֤Aξռֲ״ֱ̬ͬAռֲͳƱߣͼ2
2007A94ڽУ2ں«Уռ67%ʣµнһAɼ2007Aзֲԣȳ̶ȵ͡2012ȵA9ӵ30ңнݡ«A19ңٷֱΪ63%2007½4ٷֵ㡣̽A٣͸±ӡ2007AֲԼзֲȳ̶2017ȵA죬53099ңгA33ңݣΪȵӵAĵؼУĸеıؾ10%ϡɴ˿ɼ2017Aξڸзֲ״ֲ̬

϶Աߺݱ2007굽2017꣬Aξӣֲɼ״ֲ̬
Aξʱݻ
1.Aξʱݻ
ȸίݣͳƵõ20072017ξݴ˱Aξ͵ȼṹ仯ʾͼͼ3

ͼ3ɼAξϴ20079201799ң200720132014굽2017Ѹ٣ƽÿ17ңر20142015伤23ҡ
Ӿȼ˵20171AΪ1ң2A11ң3A56ң4Aﵽ31ҡ111Aûʼ1ң2A3A4Aӣر201420173A4AѸӣȻû5AҲδһʱڣεŬ
2.AξռֲƷ
ͨArcgis10.2ʵֱ׼Բļ㣬ó200720122017ʱεľֲı׼Բ
ͼ4ɿAɶǨƵ̬ơͬݣԲĶڽУʱƣIJϵɶƶAķֲɶǨơ

ģAξռܶȷ
ϿŸAξӣAξռֲھԣAξֳ͵ĺġԵɢͼ5ʾ2007AȽ٣Խϴľۼֻнϲ2012ľۼӣܶж˾ܼ2017A࣬ѳ־ܼƬγԸоΪĵɢʽķչ̬ơ

ġ
һ
ͨԱȷ2007ꡢ20122017ʱڵξռֵݻ̣ɳ20072017Aξռṹݻֳ
Aֲ2007״̬2012𽥾ٵ2017ֲ״̬2007굽201711䣬Aг̶𽥷ɢֲɼ״ֲֲ̬仯ϣAξϴ20079201799ң200720132014굽2017Ѹ٣Ӿȼ˵1Aûʼ1ң2A3A4Aӣر201420173A4AѸӣû5A

ԴḻƷֶǿDZвƷϣ5AͨԱȷ4Aξ5A֮IJ࣬ҪԭڲƷƷȻϸߣɫͻ㵥ƬߣȱӪҪݲƷԣԵľƷ裬ŬͻɫڽӪԿϴɽܱ߾ʼɽ԰һɽʼɽ5A
ȵɫĴӦעȻḻʵĵطĻϣҲԴҪԭе֪ǿɫͻص㣬Դи滮ŬƾƷ
οף
[1]Miossec.R W. The concept of a tourist area cycle of evolution: Implications for anagement of resources[J].Canadian Geographer1976, 24 (1):5-12. [2]Bolviken.B,Stokke.P.B.Thefractal nature of geochemical landscapes[J].Journal of Geochemical Exploration.l992,43:91-109. [3]Douglas Pearce. Tourism Analysis: A Handbook, second edition [M]. Harlow, Essex England: Longman Scientific&Technical; New York: Wiley, 1995. [4].ξռṹķչ[J].ϪʦѧԺѧ2001 (05):32-34.
[5]ѧ. ڷ۵ĺʡξռṹݻо[D].ʦѧ,2015.
[6]۳,췫,ܺ,ǿ.ӽºʡξռλо[J].ʦѧѧ(Ȼѧ),2018,52(02):264-270.
[7],ƽ,,.йҼ羰ʤԴռṹо[J].о뿪.2010, 32(03):56-60.
[8],.һ廯ӽǵηչоԴΪ[J].Ͽѧ,2014,3209:1915-1921.
[9]ͨ. ӱʡAξռݻŻо[D].ӱʦѧ,2016.
[10] ֣Ժ.ηչо[M].:֪ʶȨ,2013. Stephen L J. Tourism analysis:A handbook [M].London:Long-man Group1989.
[11] .徭ξռṹо[J].Ϣѧ2013, 29(1):105-110
[12]δ.AAAAAξṹҪԷ[D].:ʦѧ2014.
[13]껳ɣ֣գƷ.ʡAξռֲ.õ2013,33(2):179-183.
[14]־.ӱ̫ɽԴ[D].:ӱũҵѧ2009.
[15]־񣬺ΰƽ. ںܶȹƵĹ·ݱ[J]ѧ2011,31(1):81-86.


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